"If the USA takes sanctions against Hong Kong based on those future reviews, China will take countermeasures", he said.
The focus was on US-China trade developments after the United States backed anti-government protesters in Hong Kong, as well as domestic third-quarter gross domestic product numbers due on Tuesday.
Hundreds of silver-haired activists joined young Hong Kong protesters for a unity rally Saturday, vowing that their monthslong movement will not fade away until there is greater democracy in the Chinese territory.
Demonstrators are unhappy with the city's government and Beijing, which they say is interfering in Hong Kong's autonomy.
Congress also passed legislation (S.2710) that would prohibit the export of control equipment to Hong Kong police, who have been accused of using violence and heavy-handed tactics to quell demonstrations.
"They need to release the full CCTV footage of that night", said D. Wong, a 19-year-old protester holding up his laptop that was playing a film about perceived police brutality in Hong Kong.
The unrest has disrupted transport networks and even temporarily paralyzed the airport in August, prompting Hong Kong Airlines at the time to say it would adjust services.
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China has warned of strong countermeasures and Hong Kong's government has slammed the US move as unwarranted meddling in its affairs. Hong Kong has faced nearly six months of intense political unrest over the growing influence of Beijing in the former British colony, meant to enjoy a "high degree of autonomy" under the terms of its 1997 handover to China.
"By signing the legislation, he signaled support for the protesters and the preservation of Hong Kong's autonomy, while putting Beijing on notice that the USA would be closely watching developments in Hong Kong going forward", Glaser told the Nikkei Asian Review.
Under the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, the U.S. Secretary of State is required to certify annually whether Hong Kong is "sufficiently autonomous" to justify its special economic status granted under the United States-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992.
"It's still a very early stage of the revolution", a masked activist, who gave her name as Mai, 26, said.
Earlier Friday, police lifted their siege of Polytechnic University, a key earlier battleground with pitched battles between protesters and riot officers. She came with her daughter and son-in-law.
"Today is a cross-age group meeting and there are a lot of middle school students".
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