Messi's Barca team-mate Marc-Andre ter Stegen is among the three finalists for the goalkeeper award, with City's Ederson and Alisson of Liverpool also in the hunt.
Shortlists for eight of "The Best FIFA Football Awards" have been announced by football's governing body.
Messi was also on the shortlist for FIFA's Puskas award for the best goal of 2019 alongside Daniel Zsori and Juanfer Quintero.
But it looks like that Ronaldo was not on his level this year and looks like other players got robbed.
Those goal-scoring exploits won Messi the European Golden Shoe and, on top of being LaLiga's most prolific player, he also set up 13 goals, a haul only matched by Pablo Sarabia.
And of course, Van Dijk won the biggest prize on offer in the men's game in the a year ago: the Champions League.
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Women's coach: Jill Ellis (US), Phil Neville (England), Sarina Wiegman (Netherlands).
Meanwhile USA World Cup winners Megan Rapinoe and Alex Morgan are shortlisted for the women's player award, as is England's Lucy Bronze.
The former Southampton man, who scored 30 goals across 57 games for club and country, didn't end there as he helped Senegal reach the Africa Cup of Nations final, where Algeria prevailed in Cairo.
The Portugal global was named in the Premier League's Team of the Season after the 2018/19 campaign and also won the UEFA Nations League Player of the Tournament award.
The winners will be voted on by national team coaches and captains, selected media and online fan voting.
Not for the first time and probably not for the last time in his illustrious career, Lionel Messi is a finalist for the Best Player award.